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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 140-144

A study of depression, perceived loneliness, cognitive function and independence in daily activities in home and institution based older people: A cross sectional comparative study

1 Consultant Psychiatrist, Mindspace Wellness Centre, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, SSIMS, Davangere, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, D. Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, D. Y. Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Devavrat G Harshe
Shrese, Plot No 43, Unit No 2, Ambai Defence Colony, Sagarmal, Kolhapur - 416 008, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2348-9995.195630

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Context: Old age homes are on the rise in India. Older people staying in such institutions have specific psychosocial issues that may affect their cognitive performance and daily living. Materials and Methods: 71 older people, 39 institution based and 32 community-based were recruited with serial sampling after screening on mini-mental state examination and were evaluated with geriatric depression scale, University of California, Los Angeles scale, Lawton's instrumental activities of daily living scale and montreal cognitive assessment scale. Results: Prevalence of depression was significantly higher in older people who were institution based, widowers and females. The severity of perceived loneliness was higher in females, institution based and depressed older people. The severity of depression correlated with independence in daily activities, cognition, and perceived loneliness only in institution based older people. Discussion: Older people in institutions have a higher psychosocial burden than the community-based older people. Family support prevents the attrition effect of depression on cognition and independence in daily activities in the community-based older people.

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