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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-139

Chart review of electroconvulsive therapy practice from a tertiary care geriatric mental health set up


Department of Geriatric Mental Health, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Akanksha Sonal
Department of Geriatric Mental Health, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jgmh.jgmh_18_17

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Introduction: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is frequently used treatment procedure, and is utilized more often for severe, treatment-resistant, or refractory psychiatric disorders. However, published data on the use of ECT is limited, more so for special population like older adults. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the clinical, demographic, and diagnostic profiles of older adults, and the parameters of ECT treatment, in a tertiary care Geriatric Mental Health set up. Materials and Methods: Approval to review the case notes was obtained from the Institutional Ethical Committee. The individuals were aged 60 years and above and had received ECT between January 2014 and May 2017. The relevant details pertaining to the aims of the study were recorded in a spreadsheet. Results: Twenty-five courses (absolute number = 191) of ECT were given to 21 patients (mean age = 67.44 ± 9.8 years) with mean of 7.64 ± 3.6 ECT per patient. Majority of the patients belonged to age group 60–69 years, and were male (81%). Depression was the most common diagnosis for giving ECT (43%) in these individuals, and poor response to pharmacological treatment (81%) was the most common indication. The mean duration of the seizure elicited was 28.8 ± 13.2 s, and a therapeutic response was seen in 86% of cases. No major complications were noted during ECT treatment. Conclusion: When used judiciously and with trained staff, ECT is an effective and relatively safe mode of treatment even in older adults.


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